Monday, April 1, 2019
The modern computer system specification
The modern calculator schema specificationIm cardinal of the Managers of the olympian Star Comp whatever, excessively a programmer. When I visited to the Carmel Library, I erect how to benefits the figurers. So, I wanna report some in embodimentation. First, we shouldnt withdraw to habit the constitutions of the white-haired computers because of the following reasons.We slang put in at present software package because the dodgings of old computers will attain nowadays computers.If the old computer doesnt gather in profit card, we slewt transfer of training the institutionalizes or folders to the other computers.Nowadays software need graphic to rig, I trust that the old computers doesnt form required graphic.As they are old computers, at that trust are many problems to introduce nowadays softwares such as the storage required, punishing- plough required and so on.Especi e precise(prenominal)y previous windows such as Windows NT, Windows 98, Windows ME an d others. to a higher place the reasons, we should use the modernized computers. I think that the minimal required of the unvoiced-disk is 80GB. To install the windows, the minimum required of the retentivity is 128MB. And then windows OS ( in operation(p) system) is important too. The minimum microprocessor rate is 1.0GHz (Giga Hertz).Ill report some modernize specifications to you. They areWindows XP or later onOpen tycoon 3.1GIMP or Irfan viewA alleviate Antivirus standardized AVG Antivirus or AvastMozilla give noticefox 3.5, Google Chrome 2.0 and profits Explorer 8.0Mozilla Thunderbird 2.0 radio communion wideband gateway for internet touch baseivity evocation of Printers, optical Media and Scanner.First, we should install windows XP or windows scenery and latest version (Ultimate version) windows 7. These windows have enough memory, graphic and hard-disk. As the modernized version, they can install the latest software. So, we should need to use these versions. The m icroprocessors of these versions are truly good. They can do everything fast. And we should install a free Antivirus like AVG Antivirus to value our data from the virus attacking.As a good library, we always connect with the foreign customers. So, internet is necessary need. Wanna the internet connectivity good, we should use radio located connexion such as Wi-Fi or Wi-Max. I wanna suggest about the internet. I dont wanna use the Dial up connection because this connection needs to regenerate again. We should install the Mozilla Firefox 3.5, Google Chrome 2.0 and Internet Explorer 8.0.And then we need to install the stainers, optical media and scanner. When we use the pressmans, we shouldnt use dot-matrix to have good quality. We shouldnt to use the lax disk because the floppy disk will store small pith of data. So, we need to use memory stick or external hard -disk. travail (2)New systems and peripherals available are dodge BoardMB725 Intel DP55WG Media series Desktop Bo ards charge = $ 195.00MB740 Intel DG43NB Classic Series Desktop Boards bell = $ 151.00 processor and repositing ArchitectureAs example- mainframeIntel pith i7-870 (2.93 GHz, 8MB)s monetary value = $794.00Intel fondness 2 Duo E8600 (3.33 GHz, 6MB)s price = $ 408.00Intel Core 2 Quad Q9550 (2.83 GHz, 12MB)price= $ 393.00-Memory2GB DDR3-1333 Memorys price = $ 87.00512mb DDR2-800 Memorys price = $ 22.00Disk carry systems2.5 Serial ATA (SATA) Hard Disk snub 320GB 7200RPMs price = $ 120.00E-Disk Altima E2A3 Serial ATA (SATA) solid state flash drives price = $143.00Peripherals (USB, Fire wire, Bluetooth and Wi-Fi recover)-USB (Universal Serial Bus), they are very popular in these years. Every computer includes USB PORT.-Fire Wire is a capable of using the high-speed isochronous transfer mode to support data-transfer rates up to 400Mbps.-Bluetooth example areWorlds Slimmest Lightest Bluetooth USB Dongle for Wireless connectivity 100 Meters, with 2 years warranty 2.4 GHz of wireless communication Usage.Price is $489.00 (2 years warranty)Bluetooth 100 Meters range Transfer data like Software, Images, Ringtones Games to you Bluetooth enabled Mobile prognosticate/PDA. Transfer Voice data Connect to your Phone/PDAs Modem.Price is $499.00GNET Presents to you USB Hub Bluetooth Dongle Mega Combo Deal. Now taste this deal before it is bypast Kit Contents 1 Bluetooth Dongle worth Rs.600 One Four air Hub worthPrince $499.00PrintersCanon Pixma MP 560 newswriters price = $89 to $157HP LaserJet 1320 printers price = $89 to $499HP Photosmart Premium Touch Smart Web printers price = $279 to $464vane ironware and cabling/ Wireless LANNetwork Hardware and cabling-Network computer hardware and cabling is not too hard.-First, we need to clip the cables.-Then, plug them into a system or a computer.Wireless LAN-Wireless LAN is useful in nowadays.-Mostly, it is used in Internet cafes and Game Shops.-LAN (Local Area Network) is a form of net incomes.- set the LAN is like a meshwork.-I will evidence you the founding of network in Task (4)Task (3)Problems from using old computers..-At first, the systems will distinguish nowadays computers. So, we cant use nowadays software.-Second, if the old computer doesnt network card, we cant transfer the file or folder to other computers by using network.-Third, the memory and graphic will need to more install. As they are old modernized computers, there are many problems to install nowadays software such as the memory required, hard-disk required and so on.So, we should need to use Modernized Computers because of the above reasons.Software List-windows XP/persuasion/7-Open office 3.1-GIMP or Irfan view-A free Antivirus like AVG antivirus or Avast-Mozilla Firefox 3.5, Google Chrome 2.0 and Internet Explorer 8.0-Mozilla Thunderbird 2.0-Wireless Broadband gateway for internet connectivity-Installation of Printers, optical Media and Scanner.Hardware ListSome hardware lists are as follows-Intel(R) Core 2 Duo CPU T57 50 2.0GHz Pentium 4-DDR2 4GB-HP Jornada 420/430 Hitachi SH3 (SH3) Palm-size PC 1.2 (SH3)-Microsoft Windows PC (International Unicode) Pentium or compatible (x86) Windows XP-Microsoft Windows PC Intel Pentium or compatible (x86) Windows Vista or Windows XP-Toshiba Genio e550 Intel StrongARM SA-1110 (ARM) carrier bag PC (ARM)-HP Jornada 820 Intel Strong ARM SA-1110 190MHz (ARM) HPC Pro (ARM)-Compaq Aero 2150/2180 NEC VR4121 (MIPS) Palm-size PC 1.2 (MIPS)-Apple mackintosh (x86 based) x86 (x86) Apple Macintosh (with Crossover)-Asus AH100 Intel StrongArm SA1100 (ARM) HPC 2000-Hitachi ePlate HPW-600ET Hitachi SH4 (SH3) HPC Pro (SH3)Project Plans are as follows-Removing the old system-Install Mother mature-Install CPU-Install RAM-Install Network CardRemoving the old system-At first, remove the external I/O Systems.-And then, remove the System unit of measurements cover charge and remove the Adapter Cards.-Second, removing the cables from the System Board and System Board.-Finally, remo ve the author supplement.-Removing the Power SupplyDisconnect the exterior situation connections from the system whole a systemDisconnect the interior power connectionsRemove the power-supply whole from the systemInstall Mother plug-in Motherboard is the physical arrangement in a computer that contains the computers basic circuitry and components. On the typical motherboard, the circuitry is imprinted or affixed to the surface of a firm planar surface and usually manufactured in a single step.In both the AT and ATX designs, the computer components included in the motherboard are* The microprocessor* (Optionally) coprocessors* Memory* Basic input/output system (BIOS)* expanding upon slot* Interconnecting circuitry-Motherboard is the basic component of the PC system.-Motherboard is the main circuit board of a computer. A motherboard, known as the central or chief(a) circuit board makes up a complex electronic system such as a computer.-The motherboard contains the connectors for attaching additional boards. -The physical arrangement in a computer that contains the computers basic circuitry and components.Install the System Board (Motherboard) contain the whole pattern alignment for the overbold system board and enclose it into the system unit chassis.Install the grounding screws that hold the system board to the brass standoffs in the chassis floor.Reconnect all the cables to the system board (such as Power Connections Front-Panel Connections and Disk-Drive Connections.)Install the option adapter cards in the arrogate expansion-slot connectors (remove slot covers from the back panel of the chassis to accommodate any new cards.)Replace the system units outer cover or side panels.Reconnect all external I/O systems.Start up the system and reconfigure any CMOS Settings required to re give the system to its original performance settings.And Then set MicroprocessorsInstalling the Memory ModulesInstalling Support ICsCentral Processing Unit (CPU)-The Main Compo nent of a personal computer.-It contains the major structures that make up a computer system.-It performs mathematical and logical computations at incredible speeds.-It is also the brain of the computer.-And install the CPU.Memory-There are (2) types of memories. They areRAM random recover MemoryROM Read-only MemoryRAM Random get at Memory-It is quick enough to operate straightaway with the microprocessor.-It can be read from and written to as often as desired.-It is a fickle type of memory.-Its Contents disappear when power is removed from the memory.ROM Read-only Memory-It contains the computers permanent startup programs.-It is non-volatile type of memory.-Its contents remain with or without power being applied.Cache Memory-It is one type of memories.-It performs to use the data speedily.-An area of special high-speed RAM reserved for improving system performance by holding information that the microprocessor is likely to use.Then,-Install the Power Supply and Install t he Video/Monitor Systems.-Install Storage wrenchs such as Hard-Disk Drive Installation, CD-ROM/DVD Devices Installation and so on-Install Adapter Card-Basic Peripherals (E.g. Installation of the Sound Cards.)-Install Wireless LAN componentsAs a result,-We should need to use modernized computers for the nowadays software.-We should know what is a Motherboard?We should know the Software lists and Hardware Lists.-We should know how to remove or install system Boards steps by steps.Task (4)Installing the windows-Install the windows steps by steps with Installer CD.-As an example, Ill show the installation of the windows XP.Installation of the windows applicationsInstall the Open Office 3.1-Install the Open Office 3.1 steps by steps.-Ill show with my download pictures.Install A throw in Antivirus (AVG)Installation of a Free Antivirus (AVG) is as followInstalling The Mozilla Firefox 3.5Mozilla Firefox 3.5 need to install following stepsInstalling Internet Explorer 8.0Installing Internet Explorer 8.0 with the following steps.Installing the Mozilla Thunderbird 2.0Ill show Mozilla Thunderbird 2.0 with my print screen photos.Network Installation-Network installation starts with clipping the network cables.-Then, the cut cables plugged to the main computer.-For internet, we need to connect with internet modem or wireless router.-For work, we need to distribute with work stations (network sharing computers).-And then, we should install the scanner and network printer.Installation of the network printers A network printer installation allows multiple users and computer to share a single printer, and then having legion(predicate) personal printers throughout the home or office. When we install a network printer, make sure it is located in a centralized place so that all users can approach path it conveniently. Then install the software on each machine.-We may find that newer versions of Windows may already have the necessary drivers installed.Installation of a printer is following steps.Task (5) common Printer Problems A printer is a peripheral which produces a hard copy (permanent readable text and/or graphics) of documents stored in electronic form.-A printer should have some paper to copy for ready.-Printer needs a officer or a worker to do its processings.-As an electronic device, a printer can use when the electric is powered up.5 Essentials utilitiesUsing the Device Manager-The Device Manager avail is basically an easy-to-use interface for the Windows 9x/Me and Windows 2000/XP.-We can use the Device Manager benefit to manually isolate hardware and configuration bookings.-In this utility, the presence of plus (+) and minus (-) signs in the nodes of the devices indicates expandable and folding(prenominal) information branches at those nodes.-An exclamation point () inside a yellowish circle whenever a device is experiencing a direct hardware conflict with another device in this utility.-Similarly, a red X appears beside a devices icon w hen the device has been disabled due to a user-selection conflict.System editor programs-The Windows operational systems contain three important editorsSystem Editor (SysEdit), the Registry Editor (RegEdit and RegEtd32), and the Policy Editor (PolEdit).Windows 2000 also includes a very powerful group Policy Editor (GPE).-Later versions of MS-DOS contained a small text editor program (EDIT.COM) that enabled users to easily modify text files.-We can start this utility by typing the EDIT argument along with the filename at the command prompt.-The editor is particularly useful in modifying the CONFIG.SYS and AUTOEXEC.BAT files.-The MS-DOS Editor is an unformatted text file editor.-To start the SysEdit function, select the Run option form the Start menu.Windows Task Manager-This utility can be used to determine which applications in the system are running or stopped, as well as which resources are being used.-We can also determine what the general microprocessor and memory usage level are.-We can access the Windows 2000/XP Task Manager by pressing Ctrl+Alt+Del or Ctrl+Shift+Esc or we can aso access the Task manager from the pop-up context menu. Ctrl+Shift+Esc key time moves directly into Task Manager ,whereas the Ctrl+Alt+Del selection opens the Windows Security menu screen, which produce Task Manager as an option.-To use this utility, select the application from the Applications lozenge and click the End Task energy. If prompted, click the End Task button again to confirm the selection.-The processes tabloid provides information that can be encouraging in tracking down problems associated with slow system operation.-The performance tab provides a graphical summary of the systems CPU and memory usage.Disk cleanup position-Another disk-management tool available in Windows operating systems is the Disk Cleanup utility.-This utility can be used to remove certain types of normally disposable files and optional components from the system to clear additional di sk space.-We can access the Disk Cleanup utility through the System Tools entry by selecting Start, Programs, and Accessories.-When it is activated, the Disk Cleanup utility calculates the amount of space that can be regained by emptying the Recycle Bin.-It also examines the space saved by removing downloaded files, temporary files and temporary Internet files.Backup-Backup utilities enable the user to quickly create extended copies of files, groups of files, or an entire disk drive.-The backup and recompense functions can be used to back up and retrieve one or more files to another disk because a backup of related files is typically much larger than a single floppy disk , backup programs normally allow information to be backed up to a series of disks they also provide file-compression techniques to reduce the size of the files stored on the disks.-It is impossible to read or use the compressed backup files in this format. To be usable, the files must be decompressed (expanded) and restored to the DOS file format.-The Microsoft Backup and limit disk-management utility is found in both Windows 9x/Me and Windows 2000/XP.-It is not self-actingally installed when Windows is set up. If the user decides to install this feature, the actual Backup file (Backup.exe) is placed in the CProgram_FilesAccessories directory.-Windows also creates a shortcut icon for the Backup utility in the CWindowsStart MenuProgramsAccessoriesSystem Tools directory.Task (6)The Operating SystemHere is the positive of Operating System-The Operating System also called OS is for creating the tie in between the material resources, the user and the applications (word processor, video, game, etc)-It does not need to send specific information to the peripheral device but it simply sends the information to the operating system. The Operating System also conveys it to the relevant peripheral via its driver.To Benefits the Operating System-To benefits the operating system, we should correctly the roles of the operating system.-Roles of the Operating SystemManagement of the ProcessorManagement of the RAMManagement of Input/outputManagement of proceeding and applicationManagement of authorizationsFiles managementInformation managementPros and cons of Wireless Internet connectivity Not all Windows XP computers with Wi-Fi wireless support are capable of automatic wireless configuration. To verify your Windows XP computer supports this feature, you must access its Wireless Network Connection properties.-It is more comfortable to use than other Internet Access like ADSL, MPT etc-The Lap-tops are easily to connect the Internet with wireless access.-Wireless is very necessary for each company or office.Common boot sequence Error codes, their interpretation and correction The system BIOS is what starts the computer running when you turn it on.-This will vary by the manufacturer of your hardware, BIOS, etc., and especially by what peripherals you have in the PC. The BIOS performs th e power-on self test (POST). If there are any lethal wrongful conducts, the boot process stops. POST beep codes can be found in this area of the Troubleshooting Expert.-The BIOS does more tests on the system, including the memory count-up test which you realize on the screen. The BIOS will generally display a text defect message on the screen if it encounters an error at this point these error messages and their explanations can be found in this part of the Troubleshooting Expert.