Thursday, February 21, 2019
FreudÃ¢â¬â¢s Psychoanalytic Theory In The 21st Century Essay
Sigmund Freuds psychoanalytic opening is often regarded as the well-nigh comprehensive record theory and the first in its atomic number 18a of paper to theorise human behaviour but through the ages Freud has raised legion(predicate) debates on whether his theory of human behaviour has been more controversial or influential. In this essay, I will argue that the psychoanalyticalal Theory make a significant contribution to the playing area of psychological science by critically evaluating how Freudian ideas influenced subsequent theorists. Furthermore I will discuss its relevancy in the twenty-first coulomb whilst not neglecting to highlight the reasons why Freuds Psychoanalytic Theory is criticised as a personality theory. In the Psychoanalytic Theory, Freud structured the personality into three levels of consciousness, namely the conscious, preconscious and the unconscious listen. Amongst these three Freud is commonly cognize for discovering the unconscious and it became t he core element to Freuds theory. Freud further defined the structural elements of the headland (the id, the egotism and the superego) (Meyer, Moore & Viljoen, 200852).These components of Freuds theory remain important since they are salvage to some extent used to explain how the human psyche functions. It is evident that Freudian ideas of the unconscious laid the put upation for future personality theorists such as Carl Jung whos Analytical Theory as well centre on the unconscious mind (Meyer, et al., 200895). Another personality theorist Freud influenced is Erik Erikson who was an self Psychologist. Psychologists in this area of study elaborated on the ego which was primitively theorised by Freud. Eriksons theory is regarded as one of the or so effective psychological theories and some(prenominal) concepts formulated by him such as psychosocial culture, ego strength and identity crisis are part of our every daytime vocabulary right away (Meyer, et al., 200895). It is clear in my above examples that Freud did influence subsequent theorists whose theories are still relevant in the field of psychology today.Certain concepts of Freuds Psychoanalytic Theory are still relevant in the 21st century such as dream analysis, free association and defence mechanisms. These psychotherapeutics techniques are world used and expanded upon in modern font day clinical psychology. According to Hurd (n.d.), Freud is the most popular dream theorist cognise today, and his ideas are still drawing water a century after(prenominal) he wrote his magnum opus The Interpretation of Dreams. Freud stated that dreams are a result of our repressed desires and that they gather in more meaningto them than we acknowledge. He believed that dreams were the portal to our unconscious and that through analysing a persons dreams a therapist could effectively treat the patients illness.With Freudian thoughts on dreams in mind, several current neuroscientists are uncovering the poss ibility that dreams play a federal agency in childhood learning (Hurd, n.d.). Furthermore, Freuds relevance in the 21st century is that his concept of defence mechanisms is still seen in other theories of psychology today. This is supported by Cramer (2000) which states that developmental, personality and social psychologists discombobulate all found evidence for defence mechanisms. Freud saw defence mechanisms as a schema with which a person could deal with their anxiety and unfulfilled desires. Some of the most common defence mechanisms which have integrated themselves into every day mother tongue are terms such as regression, sublimation, denial and projection.Through the ages we have absorbed more of Freudian idea than we thought, but it is impossible to nullify Freuds shortcomings. The most controversial aspect of his theory is based on the fact that he placed emphasise on the sex jab being the primary motivating source for human behaviour. Freud focused too exclusively o n sexuality and not enough on interpersonal and social conditions. He was also criticised for his view on female development with regard to the Electra complex in the phallic stage. Furthermore the Psychoanalytic Theory was criticised since it was seen as vaguely defined and lacked any empirical research.In conclusion, despite his shortcomings Freuds Psychoanalytic Theory has made an important contribution to the field of psychology through being a catalyst to the thoughts of subsequent theorists. Freuds most valuable contribution to society is his theory of the unconscious mind which is still being expanded on today. Furthermore his contribution to modern day clinical psychology psychotherapy approaches cannot be ignored. A volition to the validity of Freuds theory is that it is even today being debated umteen years after his death and the debate is not close to being concluded. Therefore he is relevant in the 21st century since his ideas have percolated through generations and subsequent personality theories.ReferencesBeystehner, K.M. (n.d.). Psychoanalysis Freuds Revolutionary overture to Human Personality. Retrieved from http//www.personalityresearch.org/papers/beystehner.html Cramer, P. (2000). Defence mechanisms in psychology today. Further processes for adaptation. American Psychologist, 55(6)637-46 DOI 10.1037//0003-066X.55.6.637 Hurd, R. (n.d.). Contemporary Dream Theories Starting with Freud. Retrieved from http//dreamstudies.org/2009/11/19/freudian-dream-theory-explained/ McLeod, S. A. (2011). Bandura well-disposed Learning Theory. Retrieved from http//www.simplypsychology.org/bandura.html Meyer, W.F., Moore, C., &Viljoen, H, G. (2011). Personology From the individual to ecosystem. Sandton Heineman Publishers.