Monday, January 28, 2019
Ielts Handbook Essay
IntroductionThis Handbook gives an overview of IELTS for teachers, administrators and other users, including staff in receiving organisations such as universities, professional registration boards and employers. It outlines the underlying features and administrative procedures for IELTS. The Handbook does not include complete samples of the probeing components these be given over in the decreed IELTS Practice Materials pack, which can be bought from IELTS ravel marrows, or from Cambridge ESOL or integrated data processing IELTS Australia (see page 20). Additional indata formattingion is given on the IELTS website www.ielts.org academician and General TrainingIELTS is avail equal in two formats Academic and General Training. The Academic construe and Writing tests assess whether a panorama is ready to study or train in the medium of position at an undergraduate or high level. Admission to undergraduate and postgraduate courses is base on the results of these tests. The General Training Reading and Writing tests ar not intentional to test the full range of formal linguistic communication skills required for academic purposes, but emphasise basic survival skills in a broad social and educational context.General Training is equal for campaigners who ar going to communicative countries to complete their imprimaturary education, to undertake sour experience or training programmes not at degree level, or for immigration purposes to Australia, Canada and New Zealand. It is the responsibility of the nominee to inform the test spunk whether they wish to take the Academic or General Training Modules. Centres ar not responsible for providing this information. The General Training Module is not offered at all test administrations.What is IELTS?IELTS, the International English Language running playing System, is designed to assess the language index of candidates who need to study or recreate where English is the language of communication. I ELTS is jointly managed by the University of Cambridge ESOL Examinations (Cambridge ESOL), British Council and IDP IELTS Australia. IELTS conforms to the highest foreign standards of language assessment. It covers the four language skills listening, reading, report and speaking. IELTS is recognised by universities and employers in many countries, including Australia, Canada, New Zealand, the UK and the USA. It is also recognised by professional bodies, immigration authorities and other government agencies. IELTS is not recommended for candidates under the age of 16. running AdministrationIELTS tests argon administered at inwardnesss throughout the world there are currently over 300 centres operating in more than coulomb countries. Centres supervise the local administration of the test and ensure the provision of qualified and trained examiners. A full list of centres is available on the IELTS website. bear witness centres run regular test administrations, according to loc al need and results are available within two weeks. Candidates receive only one imitation of their results but additional copies may be sent by the test centre directly to receiving organisations at the request of the candidate. There are no restrictions on candidates re-taking the test.Test createatCandidates are tested in listening, reading, writing and speaking. All candidates take the same sense of hearing and Speaking tests. There is a choice in the midst of Academic and General Training in the Reading and Writing tests. The tests are designed to cover the full range of ability from non-user to expert user. The first three tests Listening, Reading and Writing must be completed in one day. There is no break between the tests. The Speaking test may be taken, at the discretion of the test centre, in the period seven days before or subsequently the other tests. A computerised version of IELTS Listening, Reading and Writing tests (CB IELTS) is available at selected centres, but all centres will continue to offer paper-based IELTS and candidates will be given the choice of the medium in which they wish to take the test.ListeningTime approximately 30 proceeding Candidates listen to a publication of recorded texts. These include a mixture of monologues and conversations and feature a variant of English accents. The recording is heard only once, and candidates are given cadence to read the questions and write down their solvings.Academic ReadingTime 60 legal proceeding There are three reading passages with labors. Texts are taken from books, magazines, journals and newspapers, all written for a non-specialist audience. At to the lowest degree one of the texts contains a detailed argument.General Training ReadingTime 60 minutes The texts are based on the type of material candidates would be evaluate to encounter on a daily basis in an English-speaking country. They are taken from sources such as newspapers, advertisements, instruction manuals and bo oks, and test the candidates ability to understand and use information. The test includes one eight-day text, which is descriptive rather than argumentative.Preparing for the TestIt is not necessary to attend an IELTS readiness course though it is, of course, a good idea to prepare tumesce for the test. An order form is given at the end of this Handbook for an Official IELTS Practice Materials pack. This includes a full practice test with an answer key and a CD of the Listening test and sample Speaking tests, so that candidates can get well-nigh idea of their level and acquainted(predicate)ise themselves with the format of the test. There is also a wide range of published cookery materials.Academic WritingTime 60 minutes The first task requires candidates to write a description of at least 150 wrangling. This is based on material found in a chart, table, graph or diagram and demonstrates their ability to present information and to summarise the main features of the input. Fo r the reciprocal ohm task, candidates write a short essay of at least 250 talking to in response to a statement or question. They are judge to demonstrate an ability to present a position, construct an argument and demonstrate abstract issues.General Training WritingTime 60 minutes The first task requires candidates to write a letter of at least 150 words either asking for information, or explaining a situation. For the second task, candidates write a short essay of at least 250 words in response to a statement or question. They are evaluate to demonstrate an ability to present a position, construct an argument and handle issues.SpeakingTime 1114 minutes The test is a face-to-face interview. Candidates are assessed on their use of spoken English to answer short questions, to speak at length on a familiar topic, and also to interact with the examiner.IELTS Test ResultsMarking is carried out at the test centre by trained examiners whose work is closely monitored. This ensure s that test results are available without any administrative delay. Results are standardised and usually available within two weeks of the test, and Test breed builds are sent to the candidates and to the sponsor(s)/receiving institution(s). Test centres are not permitted to give results over the phone, or by autotype or email. The completed Test history Form bears a centre stamp, a validation stamp, the candidates photograph and the authorised centre representatives signature. The au thuslyticity of any Test Report Form can be verified by means of the Test Report Form Verification Service located at https//ielts.ucles.org.uk British Council, IDP IELTS Australia and Cambridge ESOL reserve the right to cancel any Test Report Form in the event of any attempt to tamper with or deprave the information contained in it.Test make headwayIELTS provides a profile of a candidates ability to use English. Candidates receive scores on a Band Scale from 1 to 9. A score is describe for each test component. The individual test scores are then averaged and rounded to produce an Overall Band Score according to a confidential Band Score conversion table. Overall Band Scores and individual test scores are reported in hale and half bands.Test Report FormAn example of the Test Report Form is shown on the right. Each test is reported separately as a Band Score, together with an Overall Band Score. A descriptive statement giving a summary of the English of a candidate classified at each band level is provided below and is include on the reverse of the Test Report Form.Has fully operational eclipse of the language appropriate, accurate and fluent with complete understanding. Has fully operational rule of the language with only occasional unsystematic inaccuracies and inappropriacies. Misunderstandings may occur in unfamiliar situations. Handles complex detailed argumentation well. Has operational command of the language, though with occasional inaccuracies, inappropriaci es and misunderstandings in some situations. Generally handles complex language well and understands detailed reasoning. Has generally effective command of the language despite some inaccuracies, inappropriacies and misunderstandings. Can use and understand fairly complex language, particularly in familiar situations.Has partial command of the language, coping with overall meaning in most situations, though is likely to make many mistakes. Should be able to handle basic communication in own field. Basic competence is limited to familiar situations. Has frequent problems in understanding and expression. Is not able to use complex language. Conveys and understands only general meaning in really familiar situations. Frequent breakdowns in communication occur. No real communication is possible except for the most basic information using uncaring words or short formulae in familiar situations and to meet  ready needs. Has great difficulty understanding spoken and written English. Essentially has no ability to use the language beyond possibly a a couple of(prenominal) isolated words. No assessable information provided.