capital of calcium is a city surrounded by body of peeing, with some(prenominal) the capital of atomic number 20 and the Ameri cig bet Rivers running through it, as easily as a vast array of levees. more populated beas argon supra irrigate sole(prenominal) be build the levees be safekeeping neverthe slighttocks millions of g in all t senescen net tons of water. The capital of calcium levee composition has been the tar corroborate of gravid interrogation in the aft(prenominal)math of the hurri jakese Katrina, because levee ills caused much of the forlornness in cutting Orleans. This testing brings up questions of whether or non the capital of California levee strategy can be patched, if development in the body politic should continue, and whether or non foundationowners should be undeniable to carry overindulge remedy. The capital of California levee formation hides 2,600 miles and fosters pile in run plain areas by h sr.ing back water from the capital of California central valley field (Aston, 36). The levee dodge was build in the 1900?s, primarily to protect 4 million farming of farmland. It was non built to protect an spick city of 2 million, 500,000 of which are in engorge plains (Aston, 36). The capital of California levee formation is the import largest levee system in the nation, plainly it is in very silly repair. The capital of California levee system is actually in worse repair than the cutting Orleans levees during Katrina, and has received a grade of ?F? from The American Society of Civil Engineers (Ritter, 4A). callable to the reekingness in the levee, certain offices yearn been deemed unsafe by the forces Corps of Engineers and FEMA. One of these regions is the Natomas area, which could be under 20 feet of water if the levees failed (Ritter, 4A). There are some possible causes of fill up due to levee visitation in Sacramento. An earthquake could cause the idle levees to collapse. ?A big quake, assign 6.5 on the Richter scale, would ?liquefy? the levees? (Aston, 36). A very long and cockeyed winter, which would create a plentitude of snow in the c withdraw mountains, followed by a some warm spring days, and a strong spring storm, could larn down more water than the levees could handle, causing gourmandizeing. Levee failure could alike be caused by settling, sludge or tunneling rodents. ?Levees are stack of dirt. They imbibe a end to fail. If people are biography poop levees, many feet beneath the water surface level, it is only a matter of time til round of them discharge? (Kollars, 2005). A levee failure in the Sacramento area could potentially cause great distress. The financial handicap could be far greater than that in smart Orleans, eventide though the loss of life history would be less (Aston, 36), presumptively due to macrocosm less densely populated. The American River only if would flood Arden, Cal Expo, and CSU Sacramento (figure 1), with reparation in the millions of dollars. The Sacramento River would flood the Sacramento airport, Del Paso, and El Centro, near to hit a few (figure 2). These areas include many one family developments. The homes are expensive and, although al or so establish restitution, a in high spirits character of householders do non carry flood indemnification. In fact, in Sacramento County as of 2004, only 15.4% of homes had flood amends come in of the 378,524 mavin family homes (Bernard). Since Katrina the exit of homes with flood indemnity has increase, but so has the number of homes in the area. Also, in most characters flood insurance policy in the Sacramento area would non be abounding to conceal losses. The most insurance you can buy is $250,000 for construction damage and $100,000 for the contents of your home (Field, 36). Although this is sizeable, it is not nearly the jazz of a California home, so in that respect would liquid be a financial loss. scarf joint out insurance besides does not cover the sustenance costs tour your home is being re-built (Field 36). The logical telephone line of action to prevent levee failure faculty seem to be repairing the levee system. The produce of California canonic a $5 gazillion loan to start repairs on the levees, but it is not enough. Although the repairs and financial backing are better than nothing, the consentaneous system claims to be re-done if we want to have neat trade protection from disaster. agree to Jeff Mount, a geology professor at the University of California, Davis, all we are doing is ? put band-aids? on the levees when we really need to completely re-do the good system (Ritter, 4A). Repairing the levee system is not really a operable option. It is not doing enough, and the gamble of levee failure would still be overly high. effrontery the state of the Sacramento levees, and the scrutiny of the levee system after hurricane Katrina, it is no surprise that flood insurance rates have increased for alive homeowners in this region and that future gimmick has been halted in somewhat areas (Ritter, 4A). However, halting grammatical mental synthesis in areas where thither is already development, such as Natomas, does not seem to be a very practical imagination since there are already homes in the area, and therefore the risk of exposure of loss already exists. reflection should be allowed to continue, if the homeowners purchase insurance for protection from a harmful flood. Although expensive for the homeowner, flood insurance forces them to have some neb of protection and it would be cheaper in the end if there was flooding. If the homeowner did not have flood insurance in the trip of a flood, many would retreat their homes as they could not return to rebuild. This could be seen in New Orleans where some homeowners were salaried the mortgage on their old home while nerve-racking to rebuild a zippy home. Many couldn?t do this and lost everything.
There is also an additional cost to the political sympathies when there is no flood insurance, as they moldiness admirer those who can?t support themselves due to wish of insurance. The federal government is requiring people who have federally okay loans to bugger off flood insurance if they live in a flood-prone regularise (Field, 65), and this should be extended requiring flood insurance on all loans in a geographical zone like Natomas. In areas where there is no development, unlike Natomas, braid should be halted unless FEMA says there is unavoidable flood protection. Halting construction in non-developed areas is just because it doesn?t add additional risk of loss in case of flood, and doesn?t cause developers to lose out on existing development. . Katrina taught us a lesson which Sacramento and the rest of the world should exact and learn from. The levee system in Sacramento is the second largest levee system in the nation, protecting people and property, but it is in poor condition. Everybody saw the destruction work by the levees collapsing in New Orleans, which was in better repair than the Sacramento levee system. deluge insurance offers some protection from the results of levee failure, but it does not cover all costs, and the majority of homeowners do not have flood insurance. The government should allot more resources to building a new levee system instead of just repairing the old system. Billions of dollars spent right outdoor(a) would save tens of billions of dollars, as well as lives, in a flood?s aftermath. industrial plant CitiedAston, Adam, Michael Arndt, and Tom Sawyer. IF THE LEVEES FAIL IN CALIFORNIA... Business week .4047 (2007):36-. Bernard, Thomas. subject field gourmandize INSURANCE PROGRAM. amends Information Institute. 01 Jan 2006. III Media. 17 Oct 2007 . Brinkley, Douglas. Reckless Abandonment. The Washington Post. 26 Aug 2007. The Washington Post Company. 17 Oct 2007 . Field, Anne. WHY YOU COULD SOON BE IN A FLOOD ZONE. Business Week 4066(2008): 65. Kollars, Deb. cajole Fate. SacBee. 30 Oct 2005. Sacramento Bee. 18 Oct 2007 . Kollars, Deb . Sacramentos flood ambuscade is highest in U.S. . Sac Bee. 30 Oct 2005. Sacramento Bee. 18 Oct 2007 . Ritter, John. California races to repair levee system. USA at once November 27(2006 ): 4A. Storm Ready: onslaught Depth and Evacuation contrive Maps. Sacrameto County Department of Water Resources. 18 Apr 2008 . Wolk, Lois. Flood Liability Agenda. California province Assembly. 25. Oct 2005. California State Assembly. 17 Oct 2007 . If you want to get a full essay, bon ton it on our website: Ordercustompaper.com
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